The Multi Commodity Exchange of India Limited (MCX), India’s first listed exchange, is a state-of-the-art, commodity derivatives exchange that facilitates online trading of commodity derivatives transactions, thereby providing a platform for price discovery and risk management.
Robust volume growth to be driven by bullion/crude oil:
Gold contracts witnessed a record delivery of 5.2 MT (valued at Rs. 1,821 crore) in August 2019 delivery contracts, surpassing the previous record of 5.05 MT in Oct 2009. Turnover in Crude Oil futures contracts made a lifetime high of Rs. 26,622 crore on September 17, 2019. High volatility in these commodities will further add to volume growth.
MCX added five more locations to the list of additional delivery centres for gold and gold mini contracts in addition to the existing three main and additional delivery centres. This is aimed at enabling lakhs of jewellers, big and small, to conveniently take physical deliveries of gold through exchange mechanism from their nearest locations.
Market leader in commodity derivative market:
During FY19, MCX was able to enhance its market share to over 90% in the commodity derivatives market. This was despite the launch of commodity derivatives by both BSE and NSE in October 2018. During half year ended FY2020 the Exchange's market share in the commodity derivative space increased to 92.87% as against 91.4% in the corresponding period of FY2019.
Monopolistic position in multiple commodities
MCX’s market share in key segments is as follows:
|Commodity Segment||MCX Market Share|
|Precious Metals & Stones||98.23%|
|Agri - Commodities||14.61%|
Introduction of new participants to drive volume growth:
In March 2019, SEBI permitted Mutual Funds and Portfolio Management Services (PMS) to participate in the commodity derivatives market. The presence of financial institutions such as mutual funds is expected to offer retail domestic investors an additional avenue of financial investments. In October 2018, Eligible Foreign Entities (EFEs), who have exposure to Indian physical commodity markets, have been permitted to trade in Indian Commodity Exchanges. With SEBI allowing institutional participants in the commodity derivatives market, it is expected that the market will expand and become more participative.
Grant of renewal of recognition to Multi Commodity Exchange Clearing Corporation
Limited (MCXCCL) to act as a Clearing Corporation:
MCXCCL is a wholly owned subsidiary of MCX. SEBI has granted recognition to MCXCCL, to act as a Clearing Corporation for a period of three years commencing on July 31, 2019 and ending on July 30, 2022.
No impact of Whistle blower letter:
Management clarified and strongly dismissed all the concerns bought forward by whistle blower and it has registered a complaint with SEBI for the same. There is no impact of whistle blower on the business.
Launch of options trading and more commodities:
During FY19, MCX launched four new commodity options contracts on futures of Crude Oil, Zinc, Copper and Silver. The Exchange also launched futures contracts on Rubber during the year, which was discontinued in March 2019.
The Indian commodity derivatives exchanges are playing an important role in helping market participants manage risk exposure on account of price volatility, in addition to contributing towards modernizing and improving the efficiency of the country’s commodity sector.
In volume terms too, India’s commodity derivatives market expanded by about 20% in 2018-19 over 2017-18. The total volume of commodity futures traded by all national commodity exchanges exceeded 246.45 million lots.
During FY 2019, total value of commodity futures traded by all national commodity exchanges in India was Rs.71.97 lakh crore against Rs.60.09 lakh crore in FY 2018. The growth of 20% can be attributed to a number of factors, including the expansion of the market driven by a slew of regulatory developments.
|Particulars||FY17||FY18||FY19||FY20 E||FY21 E|
|Growth Y-o-Y %||0.20%||13.40%||20.00%||13.00%|
|Other Operating Expensed||115.39||119.77||140.27||152.89||165.13|
|Operating Profit (Excl OI)||79.63||71.86||87.30||141.78||176.96|
|Growth Y-o-Y %||-19.90%||14.90%||28.20%||18.40%|
|Profit Before Taxation & Exceptional Items||177.76||147.18||177.06||250.68||309.12|
|Exceptional Income / Expenses||-23.80|
|Profit Before Tax||177.76||147.18||153.26||250.68||309.12|
|Growth Y-o-Y %||-20.80%||4.00%||38.90%||18.90%|
|Provision for Tax||51.17||38.82||7.45||50.14||77.28|
|Profit After Tax||126.59||108.36||145.81||200.55||231.84|
We expect revenue/PAT CAGR of 20%/26% for FY19-21. MCX reported strong numbers for 9MFY20, led by robust growth in ADTV (average daily turnover) and operating leverage benefits playing out. With significant increase in volatility in key commodities, we expect growth momentum to continue.