Indian Bank was established in August 1907 as a part of the Swadeshi movement. The bank’s primary banking operations include fund-based and non-fund-based facilities for retail, agriculture, MSMEs, and corporates. It is one of the leading PSU banks in India as Allahabad bank is now been amalgamated into Indian Bank with effect from April 2020. After amalgamation, the entity enjoys larger balance sheet, optimised capital utilisation, and wider geographic reach resulting into deeper penetration.
As of June 2021, the Indian bank has a strong domestic branch network including 5,809 branches and 5,238 ATMs & BNA. Additionally, the bank has international presence through three overseas branches. GoI’s ownership in the bank stood at 88.06% as of June, 2020, following issuing of shares under amalgamation to the shareholders of Allahabad Bank which reduced to 79.86% following the QIP in June, 2021.
Well-Diversified Loan Book with Higher Focus on Retail, Agriculture, and MSME
The bank has a well-diversified product mix which caters to customers across urban, semi-urban, metro, and rural areas. Retail, Agriculture and MSME (RAM) advances account for more than 58% of overall advances, while corporate portfolio accounts for 42% of the loan book as of June 2021. The credit portfolio has many products such as home loan, auto loan, education loan, and others. In agriculture advances, the bank focuses more on crop loans.
Source: Investors’ Presentation
Source: Investors’ Presentation
To diversify the loan book further, the bank focuses on lending to various sectors such as infrastructure, textile, food processing, trade, agriculture, among others. As of June 2021, no other sectors apart from agriculture (21%) was loaned more than 20% of the gross advances.
The bank’s operations have been directed toward a balanced asset portfolio, with an emphasis on retail operations and selective attention paid to corporate operations. As a result, the bank has been able to limit its exposure to some of India's struggling industries and instead focus on the higher-yielding retail and MSME sectors. This strategically diversified asset portfolio across the RAM sectors is expected to improve risk diversification, revenue, and profitability.
Strong Capital Adequacy:
Indian bank is among the well-capitalized banks in public sector. As on June, 2021 its Common Equity Tier I (CET 1) ratio, Tier-I capital adequacy ratio (CAR) and overall CAR was 11.57%, 12.21% and 15.92%, respectively (10.23%, 10.40% and 13.27%, respectively, as on April, 2020). Improvement in CAR was driven by capital infusion by the government and fund raise by the bank. In the current fiscal till date, it has raised Rs. 1,650 crores of equity capital through QIP and is in the process of raising additional capital in the upcoming quarters. In FY21, the bank had raised Additional Tier 1 bonds and Tier 2 bonds of Rs. 2,000 crores each. The capitalisation provides cushion against asset-side risks. Its net worth coverage for net NPAs was 3.3x as on June, 2021 (2.4x as on April, 2020).
Signs of Recovery in Asset Quality:
As of June 2021, the GNPA of the bank stood at 9.7% compared to 10.9% as of June 2020 and Net NPA was at 3.47% vs. 2.76% YoY. Provisioning Coverage Ratio (PCR) (including Technical Write-off) as of June 2021 was 82% vs. 80.52% as of June 2020. Fresh slippages are lower by 49.3% to Rs. 4,204 crores vs. Rs. 8,292 crores in March 2021. With bad asset up-gradation of Rs. 1,647 crores (14.2x the previous quarter) and prudential write-offs of Rs. 2,713 crores (Rs. 2,489 crores in Q4FY21); the absolute GNPA of the bank has decreased ~2% sequentially. The management has guided for <2% credit cost and target slippage ratio of ~3% (4.8% in FY21).
The collection efficiency of corporate has improved on a sequential basis from 94% to 97%. However, the collection efficiency of RAM sectors has decreased, which, we believe is due to the second wave of Covid-19 pandemic. As economy is coming on track and vaccination programme is taking pace, collection efficiency of RAM sectors is expected to improve in the coming quarters.
The loan book of the bank as on June 2021 has high exposure to corporates (42%) and MSME (18%). In corporates, it has high exposure to sectors such as Infrastructure (16%), NBFCs (12%), Basic Metal (2%) and Textiles (2%). Some of these sectors such as textile and infrastructure has started to perform better on the back of various government initiatives recently. Out of the total, almost 81% of the borrowers are above investment grade and almost 19% are BB & below rating category. In the unrated exposure, 85% of the exposure is in investment grade and PSU sector. Rating wise, 94% of standard NBFC exposure is rated A and above.
Healthy Resource Profile:
Following its merger with Allahabad Bank, Indian Bank's resource profile has improved, with the proportion of low-cost CASA deposits at 40.9% as of June 30, 2021. The percentage remains higher than the industry average, allowing Indian Bank to keep its cost of deposits (CoD) under control. For the quarter ending June, 2021, CoD was 4.05%, compared to 4.83% in the preceding fiscal quarter. Furthermore, the resource profile is supported by the significant amount of highly stable retail deposits (retail term deposits and savings account deposits), which accounted for roughly 96.3% of total domestic deposits as of June, 2021. The bank's resource profile is expected to gain from its expanded reach following its merger with a larger domestic branch network that included 5,809 branches and 5,238 ATMs and Bunch Note Acceptors (BNAs) as of June, 2021.
Emphasis on Digital Transformation:
The bank has identified “Transformation Roadmap” to be implemented in next 2-3 years. As a part of this, one of the focus areas of the bank is digital transformation. The bank intends to grow business by digital lending in Retail, MSME, and Agri products in a phased manner as well as to grow CASA. The bank is implementing Loan Management System (LMS) to enable it for end-to-end digital lending. It is digitalizing the documentation to avoid physical presence of the borrower at the bank branches for documentation/disbursement. These initiatives are expected to aid in growing advances gradually over the years as people prefer ease of digitization rather than following the process physically.
Further, the bank is developing new channels and applications and upgrading existing channels for easy customer on-boarding process and ease of doing digital transaction through various channels. It has transitioned branches to banking apps and increased its ATM and internet banking networks, offering a full range of mobile banking, debit and prepaid card services, and payment systems. In order to achieve a more efficient operating model and to support new business models and distribution channels, management has stated that they will continue to focus on increased operational efficiencies by further optimising the operating platform through technology enhancement and process streamlining.
After the amalgamation with Allahabad bank, it is now witnessing synergies and is poised to grow on business and profitability. The bank is focusing on improving is CASA share in deposits while looking at diversified growth in credit/advances. The bank’s ‘transformation roadmap’ for next 2-3 years will be backed by various initiatives focused on digital transformation, transformation in operating models, leadership development plan, and performance management system.
The bank is expected to emerge stronger by the end of this fiscal and initial signs of recovery was seen in Q1FY22. With economy on a recovery track backed by higher pace of vaccination, the bank’s RAM collections are also expected to improve going forward. The healthy capital adequacy will help the momentum to continue. At the current market price of Rs. 187, the stock of Indian bank is trading at 0.51x of FY23E average book value.
|FY21||FY22E||FY23E||FY21||FY22E||FY23E||RoE%||RoA%||NIM%||GNPA%||NNPA%||CASA%||Loan Book (INR. Cr)|
Source: Annual Reports; Consensus Estimates; StockAxis Research
|Particulars (Rs. in Crores)||FY2019||FY2020||FY2021||FY2022E||FY2023E|
|Net Interest Income||7018.09||7606.42||15665.95||16687.75||18342.95|
|Pre-Provisioning Operating Profit||4880.62||6498.04||11395.65||12987.35||14206.35|
|Provisions and Contingencies||4596.40||5125.31||8490.07||9195.65||9048.70|
|Earnings Per Share (EPS)||6.70||14.33||26.60||33.75||43.28|
|Particulars (Rs. in Crores.)||FY2019||FY2020||FY2021||FY2022E||FY2023E|
|Other Liabilities and Provisions||6463.09||6322.70||23347.36||28992.20||31372.35|
|Cash & Bank Balance||20020.38||13924.68||54059.88||61294.22||65453.02|
|Particulars (Rs. in cr.)||FY2019||FY2020||FY2021||FY2022E||FY2023E|
|Earnings Per Share (EPS) (Rs)||6.70||14.33||26.60||33.75||43.28|
|Price / EPS||27.90||13.05||7.03||5.54||4.32|
|Book Value (BV) (Rs)||339.24||313.76||289.16||343.11||386.39|
|Price / BV||0.55||0.60||0.65||0.55||0.48|
|Average Book Value (ABV) (Rs)||334.39||326.50||301.46||316.13||364.75|
|Price / ABV||0.56||0.57||0.62||0.59||0.51|
|Cost to Income Ratio (%)||45.17%||40.49%||47.59%||44.51%||44.28%|